For the fictional character, see. His father, Jean-Philippe Watteau, was a roofer given to brawling. The subject of his hallmark painting, Pierrot (Gilles), is an actor in a white satin costume who stands isolated from his four companions, staring ahead with an enigmatic expression on his face. Antoine Watteau was born on Oct. 10, 1684, in Valenciennes, the son of a prosperous roof tiler. In fact he had been sickly and physically fragile since childhood. According to Konody's critical assessment in the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, in part, "in his treatment of the landscape background and of the atmospheric surroundings of the figures can be found the germs of Impressionism". Biography of WATTEAU, Antoine (b. His drawings, typically executed in trois crayons technique, were collected and admired even by those, such as count de Caylus or Gersaint, who found fault with his paintings. He found no jobs and decided to work in a workshop at the Pont Notre Dame. His painterly language is an elegant camouflage of strong emotion by kindly sentiments and gentle manners. The Watteau dress, a long, sacklike dress with loose pleats hanging from the shoulder at the back, similar to those worn by many of the women in his paintings, is named after him.  Famously, the Victorian essayist Walter Pater wrote of Watteau: "He was always a seeker after something in the world, that is there in no satisfying measure, or not at all.":414. La Surprise, painted around 1718, was known only through a copy in the collection at Buckingham Palace in London before the original was found during a valuation in 2007. 1720–1721, Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin. Le reste ne s'appuie que sur les témoignages, parfois contradictoires, de ses contemporains, sans qu'il ait été possible de les valider par des documents d'archive. Since 2000 a Watteau centre has been established at Valenciennes by Professor Chris Rauseo. The painting was sold at auction on July 8, 2008, for 15 millions of Euros, set a world record price for the artist. LAcadémie créera un genre spécialement pour lui : la \" f… There he found employment in a workshop at Pont Notre-Dame, making copies of popular genre paintings in the Flemish and Dutch tradition; it was in that period that he developed his characteristic sketchlike technique.  Watteau left for Paris in 1702. Showing an early interest in painting, he was apprenticed to Jacques-Albert Gérin, a local painter. Watteau returned to France, spending six months with Gersaint, and then spent his last few months on the estate of his patron, Abbé Haranger, where he died in 1721, perhaps from tuberculous laryngitis, at the age of 36. In 1709 Watteau tried to obtain the Prix de Rome and was rejected by the Academy. These romantic and idealized scenes depict elaborately costumed ladies and gentlemen at play in fanciful outdoor settings. Sir Michael Levey once noted that Watteau "created, unwittingly, the concept of the individualistic artist loyal to himself, and himself alone". 1684-1721 Jean-Antoine Watteau est né à Valenciennes en 1684 dans une famille de maîtres-couvreurs. 1718–1719, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, The Love Lesson, ca. 1717–1720, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Quellnymphe, ca. and Mezzetin. Watteau was born in October 1684 in the town of Valenciennes which had recently passed from the Spanish Netherlands to France. In 1984 Watteau societies were created in Paris and London. He found a purchaser, at the modest price of 60 livres, in a man called Sirois, the father-in-law of his later friend and patron Edme-François Gersaint, and was thus enabled to return to the home of his childhood. Watteau's final masterpiece, the Shop-sign of Gersaint, exits the pastoral forest locale for a mundane urban set of encounters. If his immediate followers (Lancret and Pater) would depict the unabashed frillery of aristocratic romantic pursuits, Watteau in a few masterpieces anticipates an art about art, the world of art as seen through the eyes of an artist. WATTEAU, ANTOINE (1684-1721), French painter, was born in Valenciennes, of humble Flemish origin. Jean-Antoine Watteau was born in the Flemish town of Valenciennes, which had just been annexed by the French king Louis XIV. Jean-Antoine Watteauwas born in the Valenciennes region north of France. 1987. Jean-Antoine Watteau (UK: /ˈwɒtoʊ/, US: /wɒˈtoʊ/, French: [ʒɑ̃ ɑ̃twan vato]; baptised October 10, 1684 – died July 18, 1721) was a French painter and draughtsman whose brief career spurred the revival of interest in colour and movement, as seen in the tradition of Correggio and Rubens. He showed the painting to Audran, who made light of it, and advised him not to waste his time and gifts on such subjects. , Marriage Contract and Country Dancing, ca. Il commence son apprentissage de peintre à l’âge de dix ans chez Jacques-Albert Gérin, peintre valenciennois. 1719–1721, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. L'Enseigne de Gersaint, ca.  If his immediate followers, Lancret and Pater, would depict the unabashed frillery of aristocratic romantic pursuits, Watteau in a few masterpieces anticipates an art about art, the world of art as seen through the eyes of an artist. Louis Joseph Watteau meurt le 27 août 1798 (10 fructidor de l'an VI) dans son logement de l'école centrale de Lille, rue des Arts. 1711–1712, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid. Audran was the curator of the Palais du Luxembourg, and from him Watteau acquired his knowledge of decorative art and ornamental design. Instead, he was sent to apprentice with painter Jacques Albert Gerin. 1715–1718, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Pilgrimage to Cythera, ca. , Watteau's final masterpiece, the Shop-sign of Gersaint, exits the pastoral forest locale for a mundane urban set of encounters. Little known during his lifetime beyond a small circle of his devotees, Watteau "was mentioned but seldom in contemporary art criticism and then usually reprovingly". His father, Jean-Philippe Watteau, was a roofer given to brawling. Gowing, Lawrence, and Michel Laclotte. En 1709, Watteau remporte le second prix de Rome. , During this period Watteau painted The Departing Regiment, the first picture in his second and more personal manner, showing influence of Rubens, and the first of a long series of camp pictures. BIOGRAPHIE DE ANTOINE WATTEAU - Peintre français, Antoine Watteau est né le 1 janvier 1684.  At the palace, Watteau was able to see the magnificent series of canvases painted by Peter Paul Rubens for Queen Marie de Medici. Une petite poignée d'éléments précis jalonnent la biographie de Watteau. 1718–1719, Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin. His buyers were bourgeois such as bankers and dealers. The gallery and street in the canvas are fused into one contiguous drama. A revived vogue for Watteau began in Europe during the Victorian era and was later encapsulated by the Goncourt brothers and the World of Art. The French painter Antoine Watteau was the catalyst of the Regency period of the rococo style. Son œuvre fut jugée dune si grande qualité quil fut élu comme membre de plein droit de lAcadémie. He was the son of Jean-Philippe Watteau, master roofer and carpenter, who knew how to read and write, and was officially registered as … The oil painting shows an actor playing a guitar on a stone bench looking across at a couple locked in an amorous embrace. In 1703 he was employed as an assistant by the painter Claude Gillot, whose work represented a reaction against the turgid official art of Louis XIV's reign. "A Watteau sets record at £12.36 million in an uneven Old Masters sale", "A Weight of Evidence: An Interview with Dr. Martin Eidelberg on the Watteau Abecedario", "Marriage Contract and Country Dance - The Collection - Museo Nacional del Prado", "Subjects, Society, Style: Changing Evaluations of Watteau and His Art", Alphabetical list of accepted paintings and copies at A Watteau Abecedario, Watteau paintings at the Web Gallery of Art, Works by Watteau in the collection of the, http://watteau-abecedario.org/default.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antoine_Watteau&oldid=993475415, People of the Regency of Philippe d'Orléans, Members of the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Martin Eidelberg, watteauandhiscircle.org, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 20:21. In 1712 he tried again and was considered so good that, rather than receiving the one-year stay in Rome for which he had applied, he was accepted as a full member of the Academy. Born in Valenciennes, a city in northeast France that before 1678 had been part of Flanders, Jean-Antoine Watteau would always somewhat identify as a Flamand. 1716–1718, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, Actors of the Comédie-Française, between 1711–1718, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Fêtes Vénitiennes, ca. In Gillot's studio Watteau became acquainted with the characters of the commedia dell'arte (its actors had been expelled from France several years before), a favorite subject of Gillot's that would become one of Watteau's lifelong passions.  This helped disseminate his influence round Europe and into the decorative arts. The action is watched by a small dog in the corner. Vers 1707-1708 il entre chez Claud… Son père, souvent querelleur, boit volontiers et se montre violent, ne devant probablement pas épargner à ses fils des coups, ce qui peut expliquer le repli intérieur du jeune Jean-Antoine et une phtisie précoce, l'influence de cette maladie se retrouvant dans le psychisme et dans les tableaux du peintre . , His drawings attracted the attention of the painter Claude Gillot, and by 1705 he was employed as an assistant to Gillot, whose work, imbued with the spirit of the Renaissance, represented a reaction against the turgid official art of Louis XIV's reign. A la mort de Gérin, en 1702, Watteau s’installe à Paris et poursuit ses études chez un graveur et décorateur de théâtre, Claude Gillot. Little known during his lifetime beyond a small circle of his devotees, Watteau "was mentioned but seldom in contemporary art criticism and then usually reprovingly". Jean-Antoine Watteau Biography (1684-1721) A French rococo artist whose charming and graceful Watteau paintings show his interest in theater and ballet, Jean-Antoine Watteau is probably best known for his fetes gallants. Ses dessins sont assez rares mais on trouve beaucoup de scènes champêtres. In Valenciennes he painted a number of the small camp-pieces, notably the Camp-Fire, which was again bought by Sirois, the price this time being raised to 200 livres. En 1717 il présenta son morceau de réception, le fameux \"Pèlerinage à lîle de Cythère\" , toile mélancolique et mystérieuse. The Abbé said Watteau was semi conscious and mute during his final days, clutching a paint brush and painting imaginary paintings in the air. Upload Missing Images. Among his most famous paintings, beside the two versions of the Pilgrimage to Cythera (one in the Louvre, the other in the Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin), are Pierrot (long identified as "Gilles"), Fêtes venitiennes, Love in the Italian Theater, Love in the French Theater, "Voulez-vous triompher des belles?" He was born to the family of Jean-Phillip Watteau in October 1684. Chronologie.  In 1726 and 1728, Jean de Jullienne published suites of etchings after Watteau's drawings, and in 1735 he published a series of engravings after his paintings, The Recueil Jullienne. Trois ans plus tard, en 1712, il postule de nouveau. In contrast to the Rococo whimsicality and licentiousness cultivated by Boucher and Fragonard in the later part of Louis XV's reign, Watteau's theatrical panache is usually tinged with a note of sympathy, wistfulness, and sadness at the transience of love and other earthly delights. 1711, Prado Museum, Madrid.  Sir Michael Levey once noted that Watteau "created, unwittingly, the concept of the individualistic artist loyal to himself, and himself alone". Watteau, Jean-Antoine - Les Plaisirs du Bal - Google Art Project (detail, the lady in black dress, the boy servant, and the dog).jpg 729 × 731; 328 KB Watteau, Jean-Antoine - Les Plaisirs du Bal - Google Art Project.jpg 4,625 × 3,697; 7.38 MB  After a period spent as a scene-painter, and in poor health, he found employment in a workshop at Pont Notre-Dame, making copies of popular genre paintings in the Flemish and Dutch tradition;[b] it was in that period that he developed his characteristic sketchlike technique. Antoine Watteau - Antoine Watteau - Watteau’s Cythera. His father was a master tiler of Flemish descent. Watteau was a prolific draftsman. Biographie de Jean-Antoine Watteau On sait peu de choses de la vie de Jean-Antoine Watteau - dit Antoine Watteau - l'un des premiers représentants du style rococo. Watteau was born in the Flemish town of Valenciennes, which had just been annexed by the French king Louis XIV. Watteau determined to leave him, advancing as excuse his desire to return to Valenciennes.  His influence on later generations of painters may have been less apparent in France than in England, where J.M.W. A major exhibition in Paris, Washington and Berlin commemorated the 1984 tercentenary of his birth. Watteau was born in October 1684[a] in the town of Valenciennes which had recently passed from the Spanish Netherlands to France. Watteau returned to France and spent his last few months on the estate of his patron, Abbé Haranger, where he died in 1721 perhaps from tuberculous laryngitis at the age of 36. His father was a master tiler of Flemish descent.  In 1712 he tried again and was persuaded by Charles de La Fosse that he had nothing to learn from going to Rome; thanks to Fosse he was accepted as an associate member of the Academy in 1712 and a full member in 1717. It has been compared with Las Meninas as a meditation on art and illusion. A catalogue raisonné of Watteau's drawings has been compiled by Pierre Rosenberg and Louis-Antoine Prat, replacing the one by Sir Karl Parker and Jacques Mathey; similar projects on his paintings are undertaken by Alan Wintermute and Martin Eidelberg, respectively. Watteau left for Paris in 1702. 1717, National Gallery, London, The Robber of the Sparrow's Nest, ca. His father was a master tiler of Flemish descent. , Watteau then went to live with the collector Crozat, who eventually on his death in 1740 left around 400 paintings and 19,000 drawings by the masters. However, London's damp and smoky air offset any benefits of Dr. Mead's wholesome food and medicines. He then repeats this pose from a slightly different angle. Link To This Page | Showing an early interest in painting, Jean-Antoine may have been apprenticed to Jacques-Albert Gérin, a local painter, and his first artistic subjects were charlatans selling quack remedies on the streets of Valenciennes. For further discussion of Watteau's early years in Paris, see. Watteau was born in the town of Valenciennes in 1684. Thus Watteau was able to spend even more time becoming familiar with the works of Rubens and the Venetian masters. In 1984 Watteau societies were created in Paris, by Jean Ferré, and London, by Dr. Selby Whittingham. In 1720, he travelled to London, England to consult Dr Richard Mead, one of the most fashionable physicians of his time and a fan of Watteau's work. Antoine Watteau was born on Oct. 10, 1684, in Valenciennes, the son of a prosperous roof tiler. Among his most famous paintings, beside the two versions of the Pilgrimage to Cythera, one in the Louvre, the other in the Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin, are Pierrot (long identified as "Gilles"), Fêtes venitiennes, Love in the Italian Theater, Love in the French Theater, "Voulez-vous triompher des belles?" In 1720, he travelled to London, England, to consult Dr. Richard Mead, one of the most fashionable physicians of his time and an admirer of Watteau's work. According to the 1911 Britannica, "in his treatment of the landscape background and of the atmospheric surroundings of the figures can be found the germs of Impressionism". His painterly language is an elegant camouflage of strong emotion by kindly sentiments and gentle manners. Il est un des créateurs représentants du mouvement rocaille. Quant à la chron… Afterward he moved to the workshop of Claude Audran III, an interior decorator, under whose influence he began to make drawings admired for their consummate elegance. Il est mort le 1 janvier 1721. On se perd dans les détails parfois contradictoires de sa biographie, dans l'histoire complexe de ses relations, parfois orageuses, avec ses amis, ses condisciples, ses maîtres et ses protecteurs, complexité qui reflète l'instabilité de son caractère et de son humeur.  Additional Physical Format: Online version: Séailles, Gabriel, 1852-1922. The Abbé said Watteau was semi-conscious and mute during his final days, clutching a paint brush and painting imaginary paintings in the air.. He revitalized the waning Baroque style, shifting it to the less severe, more naturalistic, less formally classical, Rococo. 1684, Valenciennes, d. 1721, Nogent-sur-Marne) in the Web Gallery of Art, a searchable image collection and database of European painting, sculpture and architecture (200-1900) , Watteau alarmed his friends by a carelessness about his future and financial security, as if foreseeing he would not live for long. Painted at Watteau's own insistence, "in eight days, working only in the mornings ... in order to warm up his fingers", this sign for the shop in Paris of the paintings dealer Edme François Gersaint is effectively the final curtain of Watteau's theatre. and Mezzetin. Painted at Watteau's own insistence, "to take the chill off his fingers", this sign for an art shop in Paris is effectively the final curtain of Watteau's theatre. His nephew, Louis Joseph Watteau, son of Antoine's brother Noël Joseph Watteau (1689–1756), and grand nephew, François-Louis-Joseph Watteau, son of Louis, followed Antoine into painting. The notable elements that make Watteau's style unique are the combination of his lofty content and brightly colored landscapes. Il réalise beaucoup de commandes pour les communautés religieuses et les notables de la ville. He did not attend formal education. Since 2000 a Watteau centre has been established at Valenciennes. François Watteau est le fils de Louis Joseph Watteau et le petit-fils de Noël Joseph Watteau (1689-1756), frère de Jean-Antoine Watteau.C'est donc le petit-neveu du peintre des fêtes galantes. He lacked aristocratic patrons; his buyers were bourgeois such as bankers and dealers.
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