[93], Agricultural areas account for 1,815,900 ha (4,487,000 acres) or 29% of the total land area. Latvia is a unitary state, currently divided into 110 one-level municipalities (Latvian: novadi) and 9 republican cities (Latvian: republikas pilsētas) with their own city council and administration: Daugavpils, Jēkabpils, Jelgava, Jūrmala, Liepāja, Rēzekne, Riga, Valmiera, and Ventspils. The sole official language of Latvia is Latvian, which belongs to the Baltic language sub-group of the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family. Lettonie - Lettonie → Latvia; Lettonie. Creator and editor of PopulationData.net. [37] The local people, however, did not convert to Christianity as readily as the Church had hoped. May 16, 2016. ; Fortrolighedspolitik; Om Wiktionary; Forbehold; Mobilvisning [170], The IMF concluded the First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions with the Republic of Latvia in July 2012 announcing that Latvia's economy has been recovering strongly since 2010, following the deep downturn in 2008–09. The private sector accounted for nearly 68% of the country's GDP in 2000. [citation needed] The Latgale region remained part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth as Inflanty Voivodeship until 1772, when it was incorporated into Russia. Paddy Burt paid £95 for a double with shower; £14.50 for … Riga became the capital of Swedish Livonia and the largest city in the entire Swedish Empire. [102] Common species of wildlife in Latvia include deer, wild boar, moose, lynx, bear, fox, beaver and wolves. Latvians march to commemorate SS veterans, "Opinion | Latvia opens its KGB archives — while Russia continues to whitewash its past", "Stories of Statelessness: Latvia and Estonia – IBELONG", "Emotion and Blame in Collective Action: Russian Voice in Kyrgyzstan and Latvia", "Land Use/Cover Area frame Survey 2012 Buildings, roads and other artificial areas cover 5% of the EU …and forests 40%", "Gauja National Park travel – Lonely Planet", "2012 Environmental Performance Index (EPI)", "Ecological Footprint Accounting for Countries: Updates and Results of the National Footprint Accounts, 2012-2018", "Латвийская более или менее официальная символика", Constitution of the Republic of Latvia with amendments and revisions, "Diplomatic and Consular Representations", "A foreign policy based on co-operation and constructive engagement", "Estonian Chairmanship of the Baltic Council of Ministers in 2011", "Co-operation of Baltic and Nordic States", "Nordic-Baltic mobility programme for public administration", "Nordic-Baltic Mobility and Network Programme for Business and Industry", "Nordic Council of Ministers' Office in Latvia", "Nordic Council of Ministers is looking for a Senior Adviser to run the Secretariat of Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture", "Enhanced Partnership in Northern Europe (e-PINE)", "The Economist Intelligence Unit's Index of Democracy 2008", "Statistics of the Human Development Report", Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee: Latvia. The festival is the biggest of its kind in the world and is held every two years in a different host city. They have never qualified for the FIFA World Cup, however, they qualified for the European Championship in 2004 under head coach Aleksandrs Starkovs. Article 8 of the Law currently entitles Latvijas Banka to perform foreign currency exchange operations at its discretion. Mires occupy 9.9% of Latvia's territory. [216], Latvia has participated successfully in both Winter and Summer Olympics. and Sovieticised. Latvia have since failed to qualify for another major tournament, though they came close to qualifying for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. In 1897, 61.2% of the rural population had been landless; by 1936, that percentage had been reduced to 18%. Source: CIA. [15][16][17] Since Latvia's independence in 1918, it has been referred to as one of the Baltic states. Latvia has a total area of 64,559 km2 (24,926 sq mi) of which 62,157 km2 (23,999 sq mi) land, 18,159 km2 (7,011 sq mi) agricultural land,[83] 34,964 km2 (13,500 sq mi) forest land[84] and 2,402 km2 (927 sq mi) inland water. Egils Rozenbergs : Tapisseries de Basse Lice au Mobilier National - Documentaire de Nicolas Patrzynski (Version Lettonne) 1 year ago. Instead, citizenship was granted to persons who had been citizens of Latvia at the day of loss of independence at 1940 as well as their descendants. 03:18. [citation needed][107]. [citation needed] The rise in use of the Latvian language in literature and society became known as the First National Awakening. [6] In April 1938, the Austrian Anschluss relegated the Austrian team, however, Latvia was not invited to the tournament by FIFA as the group's runner-up. [14] However, the Czechs would later come back to win the game 2–1. [14] Four days later, Latvia earned a respectable 0–0 draw against Germany to earn their first point in a major tournament. Selonia, a part of Zemgale, is sometimes considered culturally distinct region, but it is not part of any formal division. Latvia were placed in Group 8, alongside Austria and Lithuania. As a result, Latvia is running a biocapacity reserve. [184] In 2011, there were even fewer Latvians than in 1989, though their share of the population was larger – 1,285,136 (62.1% of the population).[185]. Latvia has a long tradition of conservation. [citation needed], Several species of flora and fauna are considered national symbols. [citation needed] The Popular Front of Latvia advocated that all permanent residents be eligible for Latvian citizenship, helping to sway many ethnic Russians to vote for independence. Latvia's railway network is currently incompatible with European standard gauge lines. airBaltic is the Latvian flag carrier airline and a low-cost carrier with hubs in all three Baltic States, but main base in Riga, Latvia. [154] In November 2012, the three countries agreed to create a joint military staff in 2013. Videos tagged “lettonie” Sort: Date Alphabetical Plays Likes Comments Duration. Albeit having experienced a difficult transition to a liberal economy and its re-orientation toward Western Europe, Latvia is one of the fastest growing economies in the European Union. MapsRoom – Maps for all. [44][45], Several important cultural changes occurred during this time. [117] The Nordic Council of Ministers has an office in Riga. Latvia has hundreds of kilometres of undeveloped seashore—lined by pine forests, dunes, and continuous white sand beaches. [56]:78–96 The occupation was followed immediately by SS Einsatzgruppen troops who were to act in accordance with the Nazi Generalplan Ost which required the population of Latvia to be cut by 50 percent. World Population Real Time Clock. Latvia has established diplomatic relations with 158 countries. It has survived in German Baltic families to this day, in spite of their dispersal to Germany, the United States, Canada and other countries in the early 20th century. It has 44 diplomatic and consular missions and maintains 34 embassies and 9 permanent representations abroad. [38], At the beginning of the 13th century, Germans ruled large parts of what is currently Latvia. [164][2] The largest groups as of 2011[update] were: In the Eurobarometer Poll 2010, 38% of Latvian citizens responded that "they believe there is a God", while 48% answered that "they believe there is some sort of spirit or life force" and 11% stated that "they do not believe there is any sort of spirit, God, or life force". Latvia has had many European basketball stars like Jānis Krūmiņš, Maigonis Valdmanis, Valdis Muižnieks, Valdis Valters, Igors Miglinieks, as well as the first Latvian NBA player Gundars Vētra. [19] Its capital and largest city is Riga; other notable major cities in Latvia are Daugavpils, Liepāja, Jelgava and Jūrmala. And from 70 females are 2,3 times more than males. After the Polish–Swedish War, northern Livonia (including Vidzeme) came under Swedish rule. An inlet of the Baltic Sea, the shallow Gulf of Riga is situated in the northwest of the country. Pro-independence Popular Front of Latvia candidates gained a two-thirds majority in the Supreme Council in the March 1990 democratic elections. [124][131], Approximately 206,000 non-citizens [132]– including stateless persons – have limited access to some political rights – only citizens are allowed to participate in parliamentary or municipal elections, although there are no limitations in regards to joining political parties or other political organizations. In 1944, part of the Latvian territory once more came under Soviet control. Novelist. The website features live and on demand videos, basketball news, over 70,00 players … The following table provides a summary of Latvia's results at home venues since 1992. [108], Latvia's foreign policy priorities include co-operation in the Baltic Sea region, European integration, active involvement in international organisations, contribution to European and transatlantic security and defence structures, participation in international civilian and military peacekeeping operations, and development co-operation, particularly the strengthening of stability and democracy in the EU's Eastern Partnership countries. Arable land is spotted with birch groves and wooded clusters, which afford a habitat for numerous plants and animals. Latvia is historically predominantly Lutheran Protestant, except for the Latgale region in the southeast, which has historically been predominantly Roman Catholic. In 2014, Riga was the European Capital of Culture, the euro was introduced as the currency of the country and a Latvian was named vice-president of the European Commission. [124][136][137], The National Armed Forces (Latvian: Nacionālie Bruņotie Spēki (NAF)) of Latvia consists of the Land Forces, Naval Forces, Air Force, National Guard, Special Tasks Unit, Military Police, NAF staff Battalion, Training and Doctrine Command, and Logistics Command. The national account deficit for 2007, for example, represented more than 22% of the GDP for the year while inflation was running at 10%. Latvian paramilitary and Auxiliary Police units established by the occupation authority participated in the Holocaust and other atrocities. English Translation of “la Lettonie” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. [113] Nordic-Baltic Six (NB-6), comprising Nordic-Baltic countries that are European Union member states, is a framework for meetings on EU-related issues. [175], National road network in Latvia totals 1675 km of main roads, 5473 km of regional roads and 13 064 km of local roads. [3] However, by the 1930s the country became increasingly autocratic after the coup in 1934 establishing an authoritarian regime under Kārlis Ulmanis. The festival takes place at the Latvian National Opera, the Great Guild, and the Great and Small Halls of the Dzintari Concert Hall. [158] However, the chiefly consumption-driven growth in Latvia resulted in the collapse of Latvian GDP in late 2008 and early 2009, exacerbated by the global economic crisis, shortage of credit and huge money resources used for the bailout of Parex bank. From 1 January 2007, Latvia switched to a professional fully contract-based army. On 1 January 2014, the Euro became the country's currency, superseding the Lats. [123], According to the reports by Freedom House and the US Department of State, human rights in Latvia are generally respected by the government:[124][125] Latvia is ranked above-average among the world's sovereign states in democracy,[126] press freedom,[127] privacy[128] and human development. [citation needed] There also developed a growing urban proletariat and an increasingly influential Latvian bourgeoisie. The native dialect remained distinct, although it acquired many Polish and Russian loanwords. [143] Latvian armed forces contributed to a UK-led Battlegroup in 2013 and the Nordic Battlegroup in 2015 under the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) of the European Union. 13-time winners – 1928, 1932, 1933, 1936, 1937, 1993, 1995, 2001, 2003, 2008, 2012, 2014, 2016, 2018, As of 19 November 2019 after match against  Austria[18], Vitālijs Astafjevs played for Latvia more than anyone else, with 167 caps from 1992 to 2010. Eastern Latvia was cleared of Red Army forces by Latvian and Polish troops in early 1920 (from the Polish perspective the Battle of Daugavpils was a part of the Polish–Soviet War). All of the minority schools (Jewish, Polish, Belarusian, Estonian, Lithuanian) were closed down leaving only two media of instructions in the schools: Latvian and Russian. [139][140][141] Latvia also took part in the US-led Multi-National Force operation in Iraq (2003–2008)[142] and OSCE missions in Georgia, Kosovo and Macedonia. [9] This meant they qualified for the play-offs, where they were drawn against Turkey. [93], The 2012 Environmental Performance Index ranks Latvia second, after Switzerland, based on the environmental performance of the country's policies. [188], Beginning in 2019, instruction in Russian language will be gradually discontinued in private colleges and universities in Latvia, as well as general instruction in Latvian public high schools,[189][190] except for subjects related to culture and history of the Russian minority, such as Russian language and literature classes.[191]. The Latvian SSR, along with the other Baltic Republics was allowed greater autonomy, and in 1988, the old pre-war Flag of Latvia flew again, replacing the Soviet Latvian flag as the official flag in 1990. Winter starts in mid-December and lasts until mid-March. [citation needed] Latvia is a developed country with an advanced, high-income economy [27][28] and ranks 39th in the Human Development Index. On 4 May 1990, the Supreme Council adopted the Declaration on the Restoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia, and the Latvian SSR was renamed Republic of Latvia. [187] According to the Central Election Commission, 74.8% voted against, 24.9% voted for and the voter turnout was 71.1%. [155], Latvia is a member of the World Trade Organization (1999) and the European Union (2004). Approximately 200 farms, occupying 2,750 ha (6,800 acres), are engaged in ecologically pure farming (using no artificial fertilizers or pesticides). [165] In April 2010 Latvia had the highest unemployment rate in the EU, at 22.5%, ahead of Spain, which had 19.7%.[166].

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